The lines bellow present a short review over the crime of omission stipulated in Article 17 of the Romanian Penal Code. The crime of omission is characterized by a failure to act from a person who does not fulfil an obligation imposed on him by law. It is divided into proper omission and improper omission, the latter being also known as commission by omission. 

In every legal system, the State has a position of authority as the public body responsible for the protection of the interests of private persons. This is considered to be a necessity in all well-functioning societies; however, there is a fine line between an abuse of power and law enforcement. Therefore this fine balance has to be carefully regulated in all areas of law.

The Netherlands is famous for its liberal take on law and order. It has formed a reputation of tolerance for some of the most taboo aspects of social life: hired sex and recreational drugs. But when compared to the harsher policies of other jurisdictions – like Sweden’s ban on prostitution, for example – Dutch policies do not seem to be taken seriously in the international arena.

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