The signing of Dayton Peace Agreement in December, 1995, rendered a precedent in modern reflections on international law – more precisely, on constitutional and public law. A brutal war finally ended, but ethnic conflicts remain active as the years pass. An artificial peace was reached at the time and it was more than obvious that it did not stand on a fertile ground.

The Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina declared the following: Serbs, Bosniaks, and Croats are three constituent nations living on the territory of a sovereign and independent state. When it comes to the people of Republic of Srpska, the Serbs are the only ones who can elect or be elected for the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina. This directly denies the political rights of the Bosnians and Croats who also are from the Republic of Srpska. It implies that only a person who proclaims himself or herself as a Serb and member of this particular ethnicity may be an eligible candidate for the Presidency on state level elections. Thus, it is essential to mark this permitted discrimination as a constitutional gap.


The aim of this article is to analyze one of the absolute grounds for refusal of trademark protection, specifically public policy and accepted principles of morality in connection with illegal activities. The article is focused on decision-making practice of the European Union Intellectual Property Office (further as “EUIPO” only) with an insight into decision-making practice of Industrial Property Office in the Czech Republic.

Law touches upon many aspects of people’s lives, even those unexpected from a layman’s perspective. One such area is family reunification law, whose importance is growing along with the increasing rate of international migration. From the European Union law perspective, falling in love with a person of another nationality creates numerous legal challenges, while things can get even more complicated if one partner is an EU citizen and the other third country national. How do they arrange their relationship? Where can they live? What will be the status of their children?

Children migration has become an important phenomenon in recent years. In the European Union, 110,000 children have sought asylum between January and July 2015, among which 12,000 were unaccompanied (UNICEF, 2015, p.1). While there is a lack of exact data about migrant children in detention, the Global Detention Project reported in 2015 that “child migrants are routinely detained in many countries” (2015, p.18). The practice of detaining migrant children, in addition to having negative consequences on children’s health and development, also violates several children’s rights and state obligations under the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). Greece has ratified the Convention, and has committed itself to give protection to children, with respect for the principle of the best interest of the child. However, Greece does not comply with the standards on the protection of migrant children. This article will focus on the situation of unaccompanied migrant children in Greece, and in particular on the issues of detention and guardianship. 

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