Qualified law is a special category of statutes with clear constitutional background, which covers certain domains of crucial subject matters, and which is adopted with stricter procedural rules, than the ordinary legislative process (Camby, 1998). This article will compare two forms of qualified majority requirement, and will argue against the introduction of two-thirds majority. For this purpose, I compare three national solutions: the French, the Spanish and the Hungarian experience.


Unfortunately, social minorities, as vulnerable sections of the population, often face the greatest barriers when struggling to uphold their rights through judicial mechanisms. In this essay I shall first clarify what the right to justice incorporates and what the concept of ‘social minorities’ embodies in actuality.


‘Justice’ has always been a sacred word for humankind. Within the philosophical system called Platonism, it has been argued that Justice is a virtue (Plato, p. 24). Many centuries later, Rawls, among other leading thinkers of the legal world, was regarding justice as ‘the first virtue of social institutions’ (Rawls, 1971, p. 3). Be that as it may, in today’s world there is still much controversy going on about the access to justice.


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