Definition

Cassation (civil procedure, criminal procedure) [Fr.: cassation; Ro.: casare; Gr.: αναίρεση] (See also: appeal, redress, jurisprudence, administration of justice) = partial or total quashing of a judicial decision after a petition for review [Fr.: pourvois en cassation; Ro.: recurs în casaţie; Gr.: αίτηση αναιρέσεως] is made to a higher court in order to verify the compliance of the respective decision with the rule of law. The court does not examine the facts of the case. 

Court of ~ [Ro.: Curte de casaţie; Fr.: Cour de~; Gr.: Ανώτατο Ακυρωτικό Δικαστήριο] = a high court with the power to quash a judicial decision made by a lower court. Generally, courts of cassation do not rule on the constitutionality of the law, differing in this matter from supreme courts such as those of the United States or Japan. 

Useful links

Legislation

https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichCode.do?cidTexte=LEGITEXT000006071164 - French Code of Judicial Organization, Book IV [French] 

http://www.scj.ro/CMS/0/PublicMedia/GetIncludedFile?id=6155 – Law act number 304 from 2004 on judicial organization, Chapter I [Romanian] 

Romanian Civil Procedure Code, Articles 483-502 [Romanian] 

Romanian Criminal Procedure Code, Articles 433-451 [Romanian]

Organisations and associations

https://www.courdecassation.fr/ - Cour de Cassation [France] 

http://www.scj.ro/ - Înalta Curte de Casaţie şi Justiţie [Romania] 

https://www.rechtspraak.nl/Organisatie-en-contact/Organisatie/Hoge-Raad-der-Nederlanden/Supreme-court-of-the-Netherlands - Hoge Raad [the Netherlands] 

http://www.vks.bg/english/ - Supreme Court of Cassation [Bulgaria]

Online publications

http://www.ritsumei.ac.jp/acd/cg/law/lex/rlr28/CADIET3.pdf - Cadiet, L., 2011, Introduction to French Civil Justice System and Civil Procedural Law, Ritsumeikan Law Review, No. 28.  

http://www.ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/jpl/article/viewFile/61093/32740 - Ghanbari, N., Mohseni, H. & Nassiran, D., 2016, Comparative Study of Civil Procedure in Common Law and Civil Law Systems, Canadian Center of Science and Education, Journal of Politics and Law; Vol. 9, No. 5.

Publications

Ansay, T. & Basedow, J., 2011, Structures of Civil and Procedural Law in: South Eastern European Countries, BWV Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag, p. 107 – 111 [English]

Bermann, G.A. & Picard, E., 2012, Introduction to French Law, Kluwer Law International, p. 144, 325. [English]

Boroi, G. & Stancu, M., 2016, Drept Procesual Civil, Ed. Hamangiu, p. 653-703 [Romanian]

Canivet, G., 2007, The Court of Cassation: Looking into the future, Law Quarterly Review 401 [English]

Deguchi, M. & Storme, M., 2008, The Reception and Transmission of Civil Procedural Law in the Global Society: Legislative and Legal Educational Assistance to Other Countries in Procedural Law, Maklu Publishers, p. 210 – 212 [English]

Merryman, J.H. & Perez-Perdomo, R., 2007, The Civil Law Tradition: An Introduction to the Legal Systems of Europe and Latin America, Stanford University Press, 3rd Edition, Chapter VII. [English]

 

By Daniela Toma