Definition

Reverse discrimination (under EU law) (Ro: discriminare inversă, Fr.: discrimination à rebours, n.f., Gr.: αντίστροφη δυσμενής διάκριση (Δίκαιο της Ε.Ε.), Cz.: pozitivní diskriminace) (See also: free movement of workers, purely internal situations, right to residence, subsidiarity principle) = the situation when the national law of the EU Member State provides a worse treatment under EU law for its own citizens or its domestic products, than for other EU or non-EU citizens/goods. 

 

Useful links

Legislation

http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:12012E/TXT&from=EN  - Consolidated Version of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, Part Two, Non-discrimination and citizenship of the Union [English]

Case Law 

http://curia.europa.eu/juris/liste.jsf?language=en&jur=C,T,F&num=C-34/09&td=ALL - Gerardo Ruiz Zambrano v. Office national de l’Emploi (ONEm), Case C-34/09, 2011 

http://curia.europa.eu/juris/liste.jsf?language=en&jur=C,T,F&num=C-434/09&td=ALL - McCarthy v. Secretary of State for the Home Department, Case C-434/09, 2011 

http://curia.europa.eu/juris/liste.jsf?language=en&jur=C,T,F&num=256/11&td=ALL - Murat Dereci and Others v. Bundesministerium für Inneres, Case 256/11, 2011

http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichJuriAdmin.do?oldAction=rechJuriAdmin&idTexte=CETATEXT000019649357&fastReqId=556889955&fastPos=1 - Compagnie des architectes en chef des monuments historiques, req. N° 310146 du Conseil d'État, 2008

Online Publications

http://www.uclouvain.be/cps/ucl/doc/ssh-cdie/documents/2012-4-J_-Y_Carlier.pdf - Carlier, Jean-Yves, 2012, Non-discrimination et étrangers, Université catholique de Louvain, CeDIE Working Papers, no. 2012/4

http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=954242 – Ritter, Cyril, 2006, Purely Internal Situations, Reverse Discrimination, Guimont, Dzodzi and Article 234, Social Science Research Network

http://www.um.edu.mt/europeanstudies/books/CD_MESA09/pdf/atryfonidou.pdf - Tryfonidou, Alina, Purely Internal Situations and Reverse Discrimination in a Citizens' Europe: Time To 'Reverse' Reverse Discrimination?, Institute for European Studies, Jean Monnet Projects

http://www.euce.org/eusa/2011/papers/1b_maas.pdf - Maas, Willem, 2011, Fundamental Rights and Reverse Discrimination - Presented at the European Union Studies Association conference, March 3-5, Boston 

http://www.yorku.ca/maas/Maas2009a.pdf - Maas, Willem, 2009, Unrespected, Unequal, Hollow?: Contingent Citizenship and Reversible Rights in the European Union, Columbia Journal of European Law 15, no. 2: 270-271

http://ec.europa.eu/social/BlobServlet?docId=7281&langId=en - Lenaerts, Koen, 2011, 'Civis europaeus sum': from the cross-border link to the status of citizen of the Union, Online Journal on free movement of workers within the European Union, No. 3

http://employment.findlaw.com/employment-discrimination/reverse-discrimination.html - Reverse Discrimination, Findlaw.com

Publications

Tryfonidou, Alina, 2009, Reverse Discrimination in EC Law (European Monographs), Alphen aan den Rijn, Kluwer Law International

Morris, R., 2011, European Citizenship and the Right to Move Freely: Internal Situations, Reverse Discrimination and Fundamental Rights, 1-2 MJ (Special Edition) 179, Alphen aan den Rijn, Kluwer Law International

 

By Diana Buzilă