Public policy (Ro.: politici publice, Fr.: politique publique, Es.: política pública, B/C/S: javna politika, Alb.: polikat publike, Gr.: δημόσια τάξη) (See also: ordre public, public policy objection, overriding mandatory provisions, overriding mandatory provisions vs. public policy) = established to protect fundamental values of the society and public interest of the state. It consists of laws, regulatory measures, courses of action and funding strategies concerning a given topic promulgated by a governmental entity. Oftentimes, it also includes concepts of philosophy, economics, political science, medicine, ethics, etc.
Law and Public Policy (Comparison)
Public policy outlines what a certain executive body strives to achieve, including the methods and principles which will be used. Public policy is formulated in a policy document which is not a law, but will often require new laws to achieve its goals. Laws set out standards, procedures and principles that must be followed. Basically, public policy sets out the goals and planned activities but it is necessary to pass a law to enable government to put in place the necessary institutional and legal frameworks to achieve their aims.
Overriding Mandatory Rules and Public Policy (Comparison) (See also: overriding mandatory rules, public policy, public interest)
Both institutions protect a certain interest of a country which can be described as public interest. Public policy defines fundamental values of a society and provides protection through laws which are an integral part of it. Therefore, the public policy is not just a law, but an interdisciplinary, complex system which incorporates certain legislation in order to ensure positive application. On the other hand, overriding mandatory rules are legal provisions set to protect a certain value of utter importance to the society.
When it comes to the objects of their protection, in case of overriding mandatory rules public interest needs to be very narrowly defined, labeled, articulated and connected by a particular group of persons. Public policy does not require labeling of public interest, nor the identification of this group of persons, but the results which ought to be achieved.
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By Naida Softic