This paper aims to provide an introduction to the debate on the legal position of bitcoin. It presents arguments in favour of a proper regulation system being adopted by states, as well as examples of progressive attitudes which would better accommodate the growth of this new form of currency in a legitimate and secure manner. 

Arbitration, as a form of alternate dispute resolution, has found increased popularity with the proliferation of transnational commerce. The International Court of Arbitration (ICC) alone announces more than 19,000 disputes heard since 1923, and almost 7,000 requests were filed within the last decade alone. This article shall briefly analyse the implications of an arbitration clause on the competence of a national court in the field of interim measures.

Judges apply European Union law as an essential part of national law of the Member States. They have primary and standard jurisdiction for the application of Union law, but they are also required to cooperate with the judges from the Court of Luxembourg for the preservation of legal unity by ensuring the uniform interpretation and application of Union law.

In the last few decades, the field of European consumer protection law has undergone a rapid and colourful transformation. In this article, I attempt to give a short summary on one of the most controversial themes of consumer protection law, the benchmark of the average consumer. In my opinion, this theme is very actual, as in many cases it is very difficult for judges to decide whether a consumer was being misled by a professional business or not.

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