Indigenous Peoples [Ro.: populație indigenă; Fr.: people autochtones; Gr.: αυτόχθονες] (see also: colonisation; traditional knowledge; cultural appropriation; UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples) = peoples in independent states who are descendants of the population which inhabited the country at the time of colonisation and that retain some or all of their social, economic and political institutions. 

Useful links


Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989 – available at [English]

Organisations and associations

United Nations Working Group on Indigenous Populations -

United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues -

Online Publications

Megan Davis, Indigenous Struggles in Standard-setting: The United Nations Declaration on the rights of Indigenous Peoples, Melbourne Journal of International Law, 2008, Vol. 9, available at [English]

Birgitte Feiring, Indigenous peoples’ rights to lands, territories, and resources, available at [English]

Claudia Sobrevila, The Role of Indigenous Peoples in Biodiversity Conservation: The Natural but Often Forgotten Partners, available at [English]


Stephen Allen, Reflections on the Un Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, Hart Publishing, 2011 [English]

Karolina Kuprecht, Indigenous Peoples' Cultural Property Claims: Repatriation and Beyond, Springer, 2016 [English]

Ben Saul, Indigenous Peoples and Human Rights: International and Regional Jurisprudence, Hart Publishing, 2016 [English]

By Alin-Ionuț Badea