Maternity Leave (Labor Law/ Administrative Law) – (Tr: doğum/annelik izni, Ro: Concediu de maternitate, Es: Licencia de maternidad, Fr:  Congé maternité?, Gr: Αδεια μητρότητας) (see also: family leave, parental leave, paternity, adoption leave) = a leave of legally approved absence from work for a female employee who is an expectant or newly mother for the purpose of giving birth and care of the baby. Maternity leave may vary  from several weeks up to  a period of months, and may be paid or unpaid. Some certain amount of maternity leave might also be obligatory for some countries or states depending on the legislation.


Useful links:

Legislation: (R191 - Maternity Protection Recommendation, 2000 (No. 191) - Recommendation concerning the revision of the Maternity Protection Recommendation, 1952, Geneva, English) (C183 - Maternity Protection Convention, 2000 (No. 183) - Convention concerning the revision of the Maternity Protection Convention (Revised), 1952 (Entry into force: 07 Feb 2002), Geneva, English) (C103 - Maternity Protection Convention (Revised), 1952 (No. 103) -Convention concerning Maternity Protection (Revised 1952) (Entry into force: 07 Sep 1955), Geneva, English)

United States (THE FAMILY AND MEDICAL LEAVE ACT OF 1993, Subpart A - Coverage Under the Family and Medical Leave Act, §825.100, English) (Wage and Hour Division (WHD) - Fact Sheet #28: The Family and Medical Leave Act, revised in 2012, English) (Pregnancy Discrimination Act an amendment to Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, English)

United Kingdom (The Maternity and Parental Leave etc. Regulations 1999, English) (The Maternity and Adoption Leave (Curtailment of Statutory Rights to Leave) Regulations 2014, English)


Northern Ireland (The Maternity and Parental Leave etc. (Amendment) Regulations (Northern Ireland) 2015, English)

European Union   (Council Directive 2010/18/EU of 8 March 2010 implementing the revised Framework Agreement on parental leave concluded by BUSINESSEUROPE, UEAPME, CEEP and ETUC and repealing Directive 96/34/EC (Text with EEA relevance), ANNEX- FRAMEWORK AGREEMENT ON PARENTAL LEAVE (REVISED) 2009, English)


Organisations & Associations: (International Labor Organization) (ACAS - Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service for employers and employees on all aspects of workplace relations and employment law) (Organisation for EconomicCo-operation and Development)


Case Law:

United Kingdom (Mrs L Freear, Claimant V. Respondent, Vossloh Cogifer UK Ltd., 2017 English)

(Claimant, Mrs B Hale V. Respondent, Dentons UKMEA Legal Services, 2017 English) (Claimant, Ms L Doyle V. Respondent, Associated Training Solutions Ltd., 2017 English)

United States (AT&T CORP. v. HULTEEN ET AL., 2009 English) (Marria SAROLI;  Richard Saroli, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v. AUTOMATION & MODULAR COMPONENTS, INC.;  Richard A. Shore, Defendants-Appellees., 2005 English)


Online Publications: (van Belle, Jean, Paternity and parental leave policies across the European Union, 2016, booklet – English) (OECD - Social Policy Division - Directorate of Employment, Labour and Social Affairs – research, 2016, English)



Waller, Leah, Baby Steps: A Guide to Maternity Leave and Maternity Pay, London, Law Brief Publishing, 2016 – English

Van Belle, J., Paternity and Parental Leave Policies across the European Union, RAND Corporation, Santa Monica and Cambridge, 2016 – English

OECD, Parental Leave: Where are the fathers?, policy brief, March 2016 – English

Schulze, E. & Gergoric, M., Maternity, Paternity and Parental Leave: Data related to duration and compensation rates in the European Union, European Parliament, Brussels – English