Bailiff (Ro.: executor judecătoresc, aprod, Gr.: δικαστικός επιμελητής, Cz.: soudní vykonavatel, Alb.: Përmbarues) (See also: Deputy, Distress, Magistrate, Marshall, Sheriff, Steward) = (continental law system) an individual acting upon special authorization whose job is to execute court orders by collecting the possessions belonging to persons who haven’t paid their debts. (American law system) an official whose responsibility is to guard prisoners and to maintain the order in the Court.

There can be either private bailiffs (employed by private firms) or public bailiffs (working for the court); medieval bailiffs were empowered with local administrative authority. 

~ action (procedură de executare silită) = a legal document sent to the debtor which includes the bailiff fees, following the establishment of the liability by the Court

~ company (firmă de executare silită) = a private company collecting fees and charges from its debtors by means of bailiffs


Useful links

Legislation - The current UK regulation on bailiffs

Jurisprudence - Legal precedents and case-law on bailiffs in UK

Organizations and associations - Bailiff’s Professional Associations ACEA - Ohio Bailiffs and Court Officers Association

Online publications - Advice guide about bailiffs - UK Government Guide on how to complain about a bailiff


Jacob, Gilles, 2004, A new law dictionary, the 5th edition, The Lawbook Exchange Ltd., Clark, New Jersey

Parsons, Geoff, Rowcliffe Smith, Tim, 2006, EG Council Tax Handbook, EG Books


By Oana Gligan