Battery (as in 'assault and battery') (Ro.: loviri şi alte violenţe, De.: Schläge und (andere) Gewalttätigkeiten, Fr.: coups et blessures, Gr.: σωματική βλάβη, Cz.: ublížení na zdraví) (See also: felony, misdemeanor, violence) = an unlawful act implying physical violence, by means of which one person is voluntarily causing reasonable harm to another person.

Aggravated ~ (Ro.: vătămare corporală gravă, De.: ~e Schwere Körperverletzung, Fr.: circonstance aggravante des coups et blessures, n.f., Gr.: βαριά σωματική βλάβη) = offensive contact done with a dangerous weapon upon one person, resulting in the loss of his/her limb, a serious bodily injury, or death

Family-violence ~ (Ro.: violenţă în familie, De.: ~e häusliche Gewalt/~e Gewalt in der Familie/ ~e innerfamiliäre Gewalt, Fr.: violence dans la famille. n.f., Gr.: ενδοοικογενειακή βία) = bodily harm caused by a person to a member of his/ her family

Sexual ~ (Ro.: agresiune sexuală, De.: ~r sexuelle Angriff, Fr.: agression sexuelle, n.f., Gr.: προσβολή της γενετήσιας αξιοπρέπειας) = an unlawful act by means of which a person is having non-consensual contact with his/ her victim’s intimate body parts


Useful links

Legislation - Romanian Criminal Code, Art. 193 [Romanian] - Russian Criminal Code, Article 116 [English] - Florida Criminal Code [English] - California Criminal Jury Instructions [English] - Georgia Criminal Code [English] – German Criminal Code [German] - Offences Against the Person Act 1861 [English]

Jurisprudence - Burstow R v. Ireland, UK, 1997 

Organisations and associations - 

Online Publications - Montaldo, Charles, What Is the Crime of Battery?, Crime - Crime Overview Assault And Battery, Legal Info - Baldwin, Lauren, Felony Assault & Battery Laws and Penalties, Criminal Defense - Assault and Battery, National Paralegal College, National Juris University - Criminal sexual conduct, assault and battery, kidnapping, and false imprisonment


Clark, William Lawrence, 1909, Elementary Law, Harvard, American Law Book Company

Brewer, J. D., 1994, The Danger from Strangers: Confronting the Threat of Assault, Norwell, Mass.: Kluwer Academic

Simson, Gerhard, Geerds, Friedrich, 1969, Straftaten gegen die Person und Sittlichkeitsdelikte in rechtsvergleichender Sicht, München, C.H. Beck Publishing House

Järkel, Christian, 2010, Die wegen Sittenwidrigkeit rechtswidrige Körperverletzung. Ein Beitrag zur Auslegung und Reform des § 228 StGB, Hamburg, Verlag Dr. Kovac

Molnar, Ioan, 2012, Drept penal special, Bucharest, Pro Universitaria Publishing House 

Păvăleanu, Vasile, 2014, Drept penal special, Bucharest, Universul Juridic Publishing House

Udroiu, Mihail, 2014, Drept penal. Partea specială. Noul Cod penal, Bucharest, C. H. Beck Publishing House

Bogdan, Sergiu, 2009, Drept penal - Partea specială, Universul Juridic Publishing House


By Ana Pintea