Custody (in family law) (Ro.: custodie, De.: ~e Obsorge, Fr.: garde des enfants, n.f., Gr.: επιμέλεια / γονική μέριμνα, Cz.: vazba, Alb.: kujdestaria) (See also: adoption, guardianship, minors, parental rights, tutelage) = the legal authority given to the parent(s) of a child, to a legal guardian, or to a guardianship authority, to keep a child in their guard, having at the same time the obligation to protect and provide for the child. 

(in property law) (Ro.: custodie, Fr.: garde de biens, n.f., Gr.: παρακαταθήκη, Cz.: vazba) (See also: guarding, possession, retention) = the placing of an asset under the actual physical care and control of another person (someone other than the legal owner), without relinquishing the possession and the property right of the legal owner

(in criminal procedure law) (Ro.: stare de arest preventiv, De.: ~ e Untersuchungshaft/ ~e Vorbeugehaft, Fr.: garde à vue, n.f., Gr.: προσωρινή κράτηση, Cz.: vazba) (See also: arrest, criminal charges, detention, imprisonment, interrogation, prosecution, reasonable suspicion, suspect) = the state of a person who is taken under arrest for being accused of having committed a crime. 


Useful links

Legislation - Convention of the Rights of the Child, United Nations Human Rights [English] - Prisoners (Return to Custody) Act 1995, UK [English] - Child Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act, 1997, USA [English] - Custody of Children Act 1891, UK [English] Romanian Civil Code, Art. 1117 [Romanian] - Civil Code of Québec, Chapter 2, Chapter 3 [French] - Romanian Criminal Procedure Code, Art. 149 [Romanian]

Organisations and associations - UNICEF - Children's Rights Alliance for England (UK) - Child Welfare League of Canada (Canada) - Draft Guidelines on the Use and Conditions of Police Custody and Pre Trial Detention in Africa - Discussion Document, African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights - Guidelines for Child Custody Evaluations in Family Law Proceedings, American Psychological Association (USA)

Online Publications - Kyncl, L., Lojková, J., 2009, Legal and financial problems of international joint custody of children, Juridical Sciences Series - Hoff, Patricia M., 2001, The Uniform Child-Custody Jurisdiction and Enforcement Act, Juvenile Justice Bulletin - Child custody: an overview, Legal Information Institute


Florian, Emese, 2007, Protecţia drepturilor copilului, 2nd edition, Bucharest, C.H. Beck Publishing House

Mateescu, A.F., Gheorghe-Bădescu, I.C., 2008, Protecţia copilului şi adopţia. Practică  judiciară., Bucharest, Hamangiu Publishing House

Mayberry, David, 2008, Black Deaths in Police Custody and Human Rights: The Failure of the Stephen Lawrence Inquiry, London, Hansib Publications

Probert, Rebecca, 2011, Family Law in England and Wales, the Netherlands, Kluwer Law International

Stewart, J.W., 2001, The Child Custody Book: How to Protect Your Children and Win Your Case, California, Impact Publishers

Practical use - Being arrested: your rights, UK - Custody & Parenting Time (Visitation), USA


By Raluca-Andreea Trîncă-Găvan