Reverse discrimination (under EU law) (Ro: discriminare inversă, Fr.: discrimination à rebours, n.f., Gr.: αντίστροφη δυσμενής διάκριση (Δίκαιο της Ε.Ε.), Cz.: pozitivní diskriminace, Cr.: obrnuta diskriminacija/pozitivna diskriminacija) (See also: free movement of workers, purely internal situations, right to residence, subsidiarity principle) = the situation when the national law of the EU Member State provides a worse treatment under EU law for its own citizens or its domestic products, than for other EU or non-EU citizens/goods.


Useful links

Legislation  - Consolidated Version of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, Part Two, Non-discrimination and citizenship of the Union [English]

Case Law,T,F&num=C-34/09&td=ALL - Gerardo Ruiz Zambrano v. Office national de l’Emploi (ONEm), Case C-34/09, 2011,T,F&num=C-434/09&td=ALL - McCarthy v. Secretary of State for the Home Department, Case C-434/09, 2011,T,F&num=256/11&td=ALL - Murat Dereci and Others v. Bundesministerium für Inneres, Case 256/11, 2011 - Compagnie des architectes en chef des monuments historiques, req. N° 310146 du Conseil d'État, 2008

Online Publications - Carlier, Jean-Yves, 2012, Non-discrimination et étrangers, Université catholique de Louvain, CeDIE Working Papers, no. 2012/4 – Ritter, Cyril, 2006, Purely Internal Situations, Reverse Discrimination, Guimont, Dzodzi and Article 234, Social Science Research Network - Tryfonidou, Alina, Purely Internal Situations and Reverse Discrimination in a Citizens' Europe: Time To 'Reverse' Reverse Discrimination?, Institute for European Studies, Jean Monnet Projects - Maas, Willem, 2011, Fundamental Rights and Reverse Discrimination - Presented at the European Union Studies Association conference, March 3-5, Boston - Maas, Willem, 2009, Unrespected, Unequal, Hollow?: Contingent Citizenship and Reversible Rights in the European Union, Columbia Journal of European Law 15, no. 2: 270-271 - Lenaerts, Koen, 2011, 'Civis europaeus sum': from the cross-border link to the status of citizen of the Union, Online Journal on free movement of workers within the European Union, No. 3 - Reverse Discrimination,


Tryfonidou, Alina, 2009, Reverse Discrimination in EC Law (European Monographs), Alphen aan den Rijn, Kluwer Law International

Morris, R., 2011, European Citizenship and the Right to Move Freely: Internal Situations, Reverse Discrimination and Fundamental Rights, 1-2 MJ (Special Edition) 179, Alphen aan den Rijn, Kluwer Law International


By Diana Buzilă