Conditional discharge (in criminal law) (Ro.: amânarea aplicării pedepsei, Fr.: libération conditionnelle, n.f., Gr.:υφ' όρον απόλυση, Cz.: zprostit žaloby) (See also: conditional sentence, parole, probation order, sentence of probation, suspended sentence) = the sentence pronounced by a criminal court ruling that, although the defendant was found guilty of a criminal act, a conviction is not necessary, provided that the defendant complies with certain imposed conditions. 

Absolute (unconditional) discharge (in criminal law) (Ro.: renunțare la aplicarea pedepsei, Fr.: libération inconditionnelle, n.f., Gr.: παύση της ποινικής δίωξης, Cz.: zprostit žaloby) (See also: pardon, record suspension) = the sentence of a criminal court ruling that, although the crime was technically committed, the punishment of the defendant would be inappropriate, considering all the circumstances.


Useful links

Legislation - Romanian Criminal Code, Art. 83, Romania [Romanian] - Romanian Criminal Code, Art. 80, Romania [Romanian] - Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000, Part II, UK [English] - Schweizerisches Strafgesetzbuch, Switzerland [Deutsch] - New York Penal Law, US [English] - Connecticut Code, US [English]

Article 105 of the Greek Criminal Code [Greek]

Article 370 of the Greek Criminal Procedure Code [Greek]

Organisations and associations - Dissemination of Criminal Record Information Policy, Royal Canadian Mounted Police (Canada) - Record suspension (formerly called pardon) and purges, Royal Canadian Mounted Police (Canada) - Sentencing, The Crown Prosecution Service (UK) - What is a conditional discharge?, Canadian Legal Resource Centre (Canada) - Discharges, Student Legal Services of Edmonton (Canada)

Online Publications - Morar, Sergiu, 2013, Despre renunțarea la aplicarea pedepsei în Noul Cod penal,


Ashworth, Andrew, 2005, Sentencing and Criminal Justice, 4th edition, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, p. 296

Hall, Daniel E., 2014, Criminal Law and Procedure, 7th edition, Stamford, Cengage Learning

Hungerford-Welch, Peter, Start, Simone, Walsh, Nikki, 2013, Criminal Litigation & Sentencing, 25th edition, Oxford, Oxford University Press, pp.296-297


By Mădălina Moldovan