Misdemeanour (Ro.: delict, infracțiune minoră/ cu grad scăzut de pericol social, Gr.: πλημέλλημα, Cz.: přečin) (See also: delict, offense, breach, violation, wrongdoing) = a crime considered less grave. In many legal systems misdemeanours are classified into four classes depending on the seriousness of the crime, class A or 1 gathering the most serious misdemeanours and class D or 4 the lesser grave misdemeanours.

It is considered less serious than a ‘felony’ and is usually punishable with a warning, fine, penalty, court supervision or with imprisonment up to 1 year. For example, these are considered to be misdemeanours: various traffic violations, disturbing the peace, driving drunk without causing injury to others. 


Useful links

Legislation - Criminal Justice Act 2003 - Criminal Code of Germany

Organizations and associations - National Organization for Victim Assistance - The National Centre for Victims of Crime - The National H.I.R.E Network


Lindquist, John H, 1988, Misdemeanor crime: trivial crime pursuit, Newbury Park, Sage Publications

Goeble, Julius, 1937, Felony and Misdemeanor: A study in the History of English Criminal Procedure, Vol. 1, United Kingdom, Commonwealth Fund

Online Publications - Bergman, Felonies, Misdemeanors, and Infractions: Classifying Crimes, Nolo Law for all


By Ioana Bărăian