Property deed (Ro.: titlu de proprietate, De.: ~ s Eigentum, Fr.: titre de propriété, n.m., Gr.: δικαιοπραξία μεταβίβασης κυριότητας, Cz.: kupní smlouva na nemovitou věc, Cr.: kupoprodajni ugovor za nekretnine) (See also: Cadastre, Conveyance, Covenant, Land registration, Ownership, Possession, Title) = a legal document used to transfer an ownership right from one party to another.

Property deeds require a written, sometimes sealed form, in order to be valid and enforceable. Unlike agreements, they are generally signed only by the party who grants the privilege (grantor), and by the witness(es), if appropriate. Therefore, the signature of the party who receives the privilege (grantee) is not mandatory. 


Useful links

Legislation - The Protected Trust Deeds (Scotland) Regulations 2013 [English] - Australian Governing legislation and trust deeds [English] - New Zealand Property Law Act 2007 [English] - UK Law of Property Act 1925 [English] - UK Law of Property (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1989 [English] - Illinois Conveyances Act [English] - Nova Scotia Real Property Act [English] - Bahamas Conveyancing and Law of Property [English] - Art. 935, Romanian Civil Code [Romanian]

Case law - ECHR, Case of Tudor Tudor v. Romania, 2009 - California Case Law, Hohn v. Riverside County Flood Control and Water Conservation District, 1964 - Supreme Court of the Philippines, Carmelita Fudot v. Cattleya Land, 2007 - Supreme Court of the Philippines, Manuel Catindig v. Aurora Irene de Meneses, 2011

Online publications - Lorenzen, E.G., 1911, The Validity of Wills, Deeds and Contracts as Regards Form in the Conflict of Law, Yale Law Journal - The Law Magazine (Quarterly Review of Jurisprudence), 1832, London, Saunders and Benning, Law Booksellers

Practical use - The Closing and Real Property Deeds - Deed of absolute sale - Adding or changing names on property


By Alexandra Mureșan