Perjury (Ro.: sperjur, jurământ fals, mărturie mincinoasă, Gr.:  ψευδορκία, Cz.: křivé svědectví, Cr.: krivokletstvo/Davanje lažnog iskaza/Lažno svjedočenje) (See also: Forswearing, Contempt of Court, Felony, Criminal Offence, False Testimony under Oath,  False Swearing, Miscarriage of Justice, Two-witness rule) = a felony consisting in producing a false testimony under oath, either in Open Court or by means of an affidavit, within the course of a judicial proceeding.

Perjury entails a specific intent to deceive, therefore leaving aside any unwilling omissions, honest mistakes, imperfect recollections, or personal interpretations of the facts in question; furthermore, it only covers the false statements that are relevant to the judicial proceeding in question and may alter its outcome.

Subornation of ~ (instigare la ~) = the criminal offence of inducing another to commit perjury.


Useful links

Legislation - United Kingdom’s Perjury Act, 1911 - Canadian Criminal Law, Perjury - New Zealand Legislation, Crimes Act 1961. - Romanian Criminal Code, Law 15/1968 - The New Romanian Criminal Code, Law 286/2009, article 273

Case lawţiuni-care-împiedică-înfăptuirea-justiţiei-mărturia-mincinoasă-6z66e/ărturie-mincinoasă-condiţie:-martorul-să-fi-fost-întrebat-6zze1/ărturiei-cauză-de-nepedepsire-6zzvs/

Online articles - What Can You Do When Someone Commits Perjury? - Defending Perjury Cases - Crime Overview Perjury


Shuy, W.R., 2011: The Language of Perjury Cases, USA, Oxford University Press. – Scheb, J.M., 2008: Criminal Law and Procedure, 6th edition, USA, Thomson. – Scheb, J.M., 2001: Criminal Law, USA, Thomson. 

Bogdan, S., 2009: Drept penal. Partea specială, România, Universul Juridic, pg. 350-354.


By Andrada Rusan