Plea bargain (criminal law) (Ro.: acord de recunoaştere a vinovăţiei, Fr.: plaidoyer de marchandage, n.m., Gr.:  συμβιβασμός κατηγορούμενου – εισαγγελέα, Cz.: dohoda o vině a trestu, Cr.: pregovaranje o priznanju krivnje) (See also: probable cause, reasonable doubt) = an agreement concluded between the defendant and the prosecutor in criminal cases, by means of which the defendant agrees to plead guilty to a lesser charge.

In return, the prosecutor recommends a reduced sentence. The majority of plea bargains is subject to the approval of the court. 


Useful links

Legislation - Criminal Procedure Code, Art. 478, Romania [Romanian] - Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, Rule 11, U.S. [English];jsessionid=58CA8172099EC1769059B48612972326.tpdila07v_3?idSectionTA=LEGISCTA000006167486&cidTexte=LEGITEXT000006071154&dateTexte=20150706 – Code de procédure pénale, Art. 495-7, France [French]

Case Law{%22itemid%22:[%22001-142672%22]} - European Court of Human Rights, Natsvlishvili and Togonidze v. Georgia, 2014 - United States Supreme Court, United States v. Jackson 390 U.S. 570, 1968 - United States Supreme Court, Brady v. United States 397 U.S. 742, 1970 - United States Supreme Court, United States v. Dominguez Benitez, 2004 - United States Supreme Court, Padilla v. Kentucky 559 U.S., 2010 - United States Supreme Court, Premo v. Moore, 2011

Organisations and associations - Guidelines and Directions Manual. Charge Negotiations, Commonwealth Director of Public Prosecution (Australia’s Federal Prosecution Service) (Australia) - Prosecution Policy of Commonwealth, Commonwealth Director of Public Prosecution (Australia’s Federal Prosecution Service) (Australia) - Operational Handbook. Guilty Pleas and Plea Bargaining, United Kingdom Serious Fraud Office (UK) - United Kingdom Attorney General’s Guidelines on Plea Discussions in Cases of Serious or Complex Fraud, United Kingdom Serious Fraud Office (UK) - Guidelines on the acceptance of pleas and the prosecutor's role in the sentencing exercise (revised 2009), United Kingdom Attorney General's Office (UK) – Code for Crown Prosecutors. Accepting Guilty Pleas, The Crown Prosecution Service (UK)

Online Publications - Smith, Douglas A., 1987, The Plea Bargain Controversy, Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology - Thomas, Philip A., 1978, Plea Bargaining in England, Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology - Alschuler, Albert W., 1981, The Changing Plea Bargaining Debate, California Law Review - Lieb, Doug, 2014, Vindicating Vindictiveness: Prosecutorial Discretion and Plea Bargaining, Past and Future, Yale Law Journal - Wan, Tina, 2007, The Unnecessary Evil Of Plea Bargaining: An Unconstitutional Conditions Problem And A Not-So-Least Restrictive Alternative, Southern California Review of Law and Social Justice - Alge, Daniele, 2013, Negotiated Plea Agreements in Cases of Serious and Complex Fraud in England and Wales: A New Conceptualisation of Plea Bargaining?, European Journal of Current Legal Issues - Fine, Ralph, 1987, Plea Bargaining: An Unnecessary Evil, Marquette Law Review


Furse, Mark, 2012, The Criminal Law of Competition in the UK and in the US: Failure and Success, UK, Edward Elgar Publishing, p. 152


By Alexandra Mureșan