Judgement (procedural law) (See also: holding, passing of sentence, ruling, Gr.: δικαστική απόφαση, Cz.: rozsudek(Ro.: sentinţă, Fr.: jugement, n.m.) (Court of First Instance) = the trial court’s decision regarding the litigation pending before the court.

(Ro.: decizie, Fr.: arrêt, n.m.) (Higher Court) = the appellate court’s final decision regarding the rights of the parties, the court’s response to a party’s appeal. The appellate court can affirm, reverse, or reverse with instructions.


Useful links

Legislation - The Civil Procedure Rules 1998, Part 40, UK [English] - Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, Title VII, US [English] – Code de procédure civile, Titre XIV, France [French] - Civil Procedure Code, Art. 424, Romania [Romanian]

Organisations and associations - About Judgments, The Courts of British Columbia (Canada) - Enforcement of judgements - Germany, European Judicial Network in civil and commercial matters, European Commission

Online Publications - Vong, David, Binding precedent and English judicial law-making, - Appealing a Court Decision or Judgment, – Marseille, A.T., Boekema, I.M., 2013, Administrative Decision-Making in Reaction to a Court Judgment: Can the Administrative Judge Guide the Decision-Making Process?, Utrecht Law Review, Social Science Research Network


Born, Gary, 1996, International Civil Litigation in United States Courts: Commentary & Materials, 3rd edition, The Hague, Kluwer Law International, pp. 935-985

Lambert-Abdelgawad, Elisabeth, 2008, The Execution of Judgments of the European Court of Human Rights, Volume 88, Strasbourg, Council of Europe Publishing

Paterson, Alan, 2014, Final Judgment: The Last Law Lords and the Supreme Court, UK, A & C Black


By Oana Gligan