Harassment (Ro:, Fr:., Czech: obtěžování) (See also: discrimination, bullying, victimization) =  generally defined as a course of conduct which annoys, threatens, intimidates, alarms, or puts a person in fear of safety. Harassment is the act of systematic and/or continued unwanted, unwelcomed behavior that threatens one party or a group and results in a hostile environment. The purposes may vary, including racial prejudice, personal malice, an attempt to force someone to quit a job or grant sexual favors.


Useful resources

Legislation - United Kingdom Protection from Harassment Act 1997 [English] - New Zealand Harassment Act 1997 [English];page=0;query=DocId%3A07275b05-417a-4de5-a316-4c15606a2b8d%20Depth%3A0%20Status%3Ainforce;rec=0 - Singapore Protection from Harassment Act, 2015 [English] - The Directive 2002/73/EC [English] – The Directive 2006/54/EC [English] - Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence [English]  

Case law -  list of cases in United Kingdom

Strathclyde Regional Council v. Porcelli [1986] IRLR 134 -

Sheridan v. Arun Estate Agencies of Chatham, Kent [2000] -

Majrowski v. Guy’s and St. Thomas NHs Trust [2005] -

Fogarty v. United Kingdom [2001] -

Online publications - Landau, E., C. and Beigbeder, Y., 2008, From ILO Standards to EU Law: The Case of Equality Between Men and Women at Work, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers  - Whitman, J. Q. and Friedman, G. S., 2003, The European Transformation of Harassment Law, Faculty Scholarship Series - Glenn M. G., Owens J. M. and Morgan J. F., 2004, Prohibiting sexual harassment in the European Union, An unfinished public policy agenda, Department of Management, College of Business, California State University - European Commission, 1998, Sexual harassment in the workplace in the European Union - European Commission, 2011, Harassment related to Sex and Sexual Harassment Law in 33 European Countries, Discrimination versus Dignity


Paludi M. A., Barickman R. B., 1991, Academic and Workplace Sexual Harassment: A Resource Manual, SUNY Press

Hell H., Haines R., 1997, Discrimination, Harassment, and the Failure of Diversity Training: What to Do Now, Greenwood Publishing Group

Boland M. L., 2002, Sexual Harrasment: Your Guide to Legal Action, SphinxLegal

Weizer P. I., 2000, The Supreme Court and Sexual Harassment: Preventing Harassment While Preserving Free Speech, Lexington Books

Dyke D., Pam R., 1992, Overview of State and Federal Law on Sexual Harassment, DIANE Publishing


By Šárka Šilhánková