Anti-dumping measures [Ro.: Măsuri antidumping, Fr.: Mesures antidumping, De.:Antidumpingmaßnahmen, Gr.: μέτρα anti-dumping, Alb.: masat anti-dumping] (See also: international trade, predatory pricing, price discrimination, unfair competition, countervailing duty, safeguard) = measures through which a state defends its national trade against dumping prices, that is against prices below the cost of production, set with the purpose of removing competition. Dumping prices are an example of unfair competition in the majority of states. Within the EU, anti-dumping measures are taken by the European Commission, including ad valorem duty, other specific duties or price undertakings. 

Useful links

Legislation - Agreement on Implementation of Article VI of the General Tariffs and Trade 1994 (WTO Anti-Dumping Agreement) [English] - Law no. 21/1996, Article 6, letter e [Romanian] - Government Ordinance no.99/2000, Article 17 [Romanian] - Council Regulation No 1225/2009 of 30 November 2009 on protection against dumped imports from countries not members of the European Community [English]

Case law - CJEU, Case C-337/09 P Council v Zhejiang Xinan Chemical Industrial Group Co. Ltd, 2012 - CJEU,  Joined Cases C-659/13 C & J Clark International Ltd v The Commissioners for Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs and C-34/14 Puma SE v Hauptzollamt Nürnberg,  2016 - WTO, European Communities: Definitive Anti-Dumping Measures on Certain Iron or Steel Fasteners from China, 2016

Organisations and associations - The European Commission - The World Trade Association 

Online publications - Davies L., 2009, Ten years of anti-dumping in the EU: economic and political targeting, ECIPE Working Paper [English] - De Bièvre D., Eckhardt J., 2010, The political economy of the EU. Anti-dumping reform, ECIPE Working Paper [English] - The European Commission, 33rd Annual Report from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament on the EU's Anti-Dumping, Anti-Subsidy and Safeguard Activities (2014), SWD(2015) 149 [English] - United States International Trade Commission, 2015, Antidumping and countervailing duty handbook, Fourteenth Edition [English]


Bael I.V., Bellis J-F, 2011, EU anti-dumping and other trade defence instruments, Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International

Debroy B., 2007, Anti-dumping: global abuse of a trade policy instrument, New Delhi Academic Foundation

Finger J.M., 1994, Antidumping. How it works and who gets hurt, Michigan, Univ. of Michigan Press

Raju K.D., 2008, World Trade Organization Agreement on Anti-dumping: a GATT/WTO and Indian jurisprudence, Alphen aan den Rijn [etc.]: Wolter Kluwer Law & Busienss

Yan Luo, 2010, Anti-dumping in the WTO, the EU, and China : the rise of legalization in the trade regime and its consequences, Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International


By Raluca-Andreea Trîncă-Găvan