(Medical) Malpractice/Malpraxis (Fr: “ faute professionnelle“, n.f., Gr: ιατρικό σφάλμα) [See also: damages, corporate malpractice, negligence, injury, human integrity] = a professional error committed in the practice of medicine, which appears when a health care practitioner's performance fails to meet the standard of care provided by others under similar circumstances and as result causes damage to a patient. In general, malpractice is defined as a violation of a duty or a legal obligation and it implies that the health care practitioner has breached a ban or has not fulfilled an obligation. The most important characteristics of  medical malpractice are: failure to provide a proper standard of care; injury as the consequence of negligence; injury with deleterious consequences.

Victims of medical malpractice seek compensation for their physical or emotional injuries.


Useful links

Legislation - Romanian health law [Romania]

Organisations and associations - American Medical Association - World Medical Association

Online publications - The European Commission, Communication from the Commission: A Community framework on the application of patients' rights in cross-border healthcare, SEC(2008) 2183 [English] - Nordqvist C., 2014, What is medical malpractice?, MedicalNewsToday [English] - Pandit M.S., 2009, Medical negligence: Coverage of the profession, duties, ethics, case law, and enlightened  defence - A legal perspective, Indian J Urol. 2009 Jul-Sep; 25(3): 372-378 [English] - Papageorgiou T., 2014, The criminal responsibility of obstetrician- gynaecologist according to greek case law, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki: postgraduate thesis [Greek] - Standing Committee of the Hospitals of the European Union, 2004, Insurance and malpractice, Final report of  HOPE’s Sub-Committee on Co-ordination [English] - World Medical Assembly, 1992, World Medical Association Statement on Medical Malpractice [English]


Bulgaru Iliescu D.,  Bălan G., 2015, Răspunderea juridică medicală în România: malpraxisul şi infracţiunile medicale, Hamangiu [Romanian]

Calin R., 2014, Malpraxis. Raspunderea medicului si a furnizorilor de servicii medicale, Hamangiu [Romanian]

Giesen D., 1988, International Medical Malpractice Law: a comparative law study of civil liability arising from medical care, Boston: J.C.B. Mohr [English]

Kaiafa-Gbanti M., 2013, Medical liability due to negligence, Athens, Nomiki Vivliothiki [Greek]

Merry A., 2001, Errors, medicine and the law, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press [English]

Penneau J., 1973, Faute et erreur en matière de responsabilité médicale, Paris : Librairie générale de droit et de jurisprudence [French]

Penneau J., 1996, La responsabilité du médecin, Paris, Dalloz [French]

Sage W.M., Kersh R., 2006, Medical Malpractice and the U.S. Health Care System, Cambridge University Press [English]


By Mădălina Enea